Most Common Sports Injuries
We treat a wide range of sports injuries to the foot, ankle, and leg. Contact us today to make an appointment!
A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones and provide stability to a joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury that occurs when you suddenly fall or twist the joint or when you land your foot in an awkward position after a jump.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. The Achilles tendon ruptures most often in athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting and jumping.
Gastrocnemius Strain (Calf Strain)
The gastrocnemius is the muscle that runs down the back of the calf and terminates in the Achilles tendon. The gastrocnemius is commonly injured in sports which require quick acceleration from a stationary position and quick halts in movement.
Peroneal Tendon Subluxation or Dislocation
Peroneal tendon dislocation occurs when the tendons that run under the outside of your ankle bone slip out of place, as a result of acute or chronic twisting injuries (such as a sprain). This can lead to weakness and instability, and other problems in the structure of your ankle.
An osteochondral lesion is a defect in the cartilage of a joint and the bone underneath. Cartilage is a connective tissue that covers the bones between joints. When there is a break, tear, separation, or disruption of the cartilage that could be referred to as an osteochondral lesion. The bone right underneath the cartilage will also be injured.
An ingrown toenail is a common and painful condition of the toe. It occurs when the sides or corner of the nail grow inwards and penetrates the skin of the toe. Pain is often accompanied by swelling and redness. The big toe is affected most often.
Turf toe is an injury to the ligament at the base of the big toe. It is a painful condition which usually results from jamming of the toe into the ground or excessive backward bending of the toe. As it is more common in athletes playing on artificial turf, especially those involved in field sports such as football, baseball and soccer, it is known as turf toe.
Foot Sprain or Strain
A foot sprain is a stretching or tearing of the ligaments that connect the bones of the foot. A foot strain is a stretching or tearing of the tendons and muscles in the foot. A sprain or strain occurs most often from a twisting or turning of the ankle or foot. The foot will roll inwards or outwards due to stepping on another person’s foot or stepping in a hole.
The tibia and fibula form the bones of the lower leg. The tibia is a weight bearing bone and is often fractured as a result of a fracture of the fibula; this occurs because the pressure and force is transferred to the tibia. Lower leg fractures are acute, sudden onset fractures and normally caused by a direct impact, twisting or trauma. Stress fractures develop more gradually over time as a result of overuse.
The ankle joint is composed of three bones: the tibia, fibula, and talus which are articulated together. Ankle injuries are very common in athletes and in people performing physical work, often resulting in severe pain and impaired mobility. Ankle fracture is a painful condition where there is a break in one or more bones forming the ankle joint.
Toe & Foot Fractures
There are 2 types of fractures namely, traumatic fracture and stress fracture. Traumatic fractures occur when there is a direct impact of your foot on a hard surface. Stress fractures are tiny hairline cracks in the bone, most commonly caused due to repeated stress. The common symptoms of toe and forefoot fractures include pain, bruising, swelling and inability to walk.
Ankle impingement occurs when either soft or bony tissues are compressed within the ankle joint at the extreme end of a motion, such as pointing the foot sharply downward.
Os Trigonum Syndrome
The os trigonum is an extra (accessory) bone that sometimes develops behind the ankle bone (talus). Os trigonum syndrome is usually triggered by an injury, such as an ankle sprain. The syndrome is also frequently caused by repeated downward pointing of the toes
Os Peroneum Syndrome
Os peroneus syndrome can be of a chronic nature or result from acute trauma such as an inversion injury. Pain is present at the area and there is often tearing or damage to the surrounding peroneus longus tendon.